Gerald David Buckberg, M.D.

CURRICULUM VITAE


Address Education Biography
Post-Graduate Training Military Service Employment
Professional Certification Professional Memberships Honors and Awards
Professional Activities/Committees Grants Editorial Consultant
Editorial Advisor Recent Lectures and Presentations Recent Bibliography

ADDRESS:

Division of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
UCLA School of Medicine 10833 Le Conte Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90024-1741
Telephone: (310) 206-1027
Facsimile: (310) 825-5895


BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Gerald D. Buckberg is a Professor of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, at the UCLA Medical Center. He received his Cardiothoracic training at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, and his research training at the Cardiovascular Institute at the University of California, San Francisco. He is a member of multiple surgical societies, including the American Association of Thoracic Surgery, American Surgical Association, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. His research interests have centered in the area of myocardial protection and have led to the introduction of blood cardioplegia, which is used currently by 70% of the surgeons in the United States for adult and pediatric heart operations. These techniques are being adopted with increasing frequency in Europe and Asia. He has also developed techniques to simply, safely, and rapidly deliver cardioplegia solutions to allow their distribution to all segments of the heart and ensure their protective effects. Recent investigative studies by his team have led to a new approach to treatment of acute myocardial infarction; specialized techniques have been developed to salvage and restore early function to heart muscle in patients suffering heart attacks after time intervals previously thought to cause irreversible damage (i.e., more than 6 hours). Additional methods have been developed by his team to increase the safety of operating on patients with shock after acute heart attacks, whereby previous conventional methods have been associated with prohibitive mortality (approximately 50%). These new techniques are starting to be tested worldwide to see if they can be helpful to the many heart attack patients who otherwise may sustain irreversible loss of heart muscle.


EDUCATION:

1957 Ohio State University
Cleveland, Ohio

1961 University of Cincinnati
School of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio
M.D.


POST-GRADUATE TRAINING:

1961 - 1962 Intern in Surgery

Johns Hopkins Hospital

Baltimore, Maryland

1962 - 1963 Assistant Resident In Surgery

Johns Hopkins Hospital

Baltimore, Maryland

1963 - 1966 Resident in Surgery

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

1969 - 1971 Research Fellow

Cardiovascular Research Institute

University of California at San Francisco

San Francisco, California


MILITARY SERVICE:

1967 - 1969 Active Duty

U.S. Air Force


EMPLOYMENT:

Academic Appointments:

1966 - 1967 Instructor in Surgery

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

1967 - 1974 Assistant Professor of Surgery

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

1974 - 1978 Associate Professor of Surgery

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

1978 - present Professor of Surgery

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

Hospital Appointments:

Attending Surgeon

UCLA Medical Center

Los Angeles, California

Attending Surgeon

Veterans Administration Hospital

Los Angeles, California

Provisional Staff Privileges

Centinela Hospital Medical Center

Long Beach, California

Provisional Staff Privileges

Santa Monica Hospital Medical Center

Santa Monica, California

Provisional Staff Privileges

French Hospital

San Luis Obispo, California

Provisional Staff Privileges

St. John's Hospital & Medical Center

Santa Monica, CA


PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS:

1962 National Board of Medical Examiners

1963 State of Maryland Board of Medical Examiners

1966 State of California Board of Medical Examiners

1968 American Board of Surgery

1968 Board of Thoracic Surgery


PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS:

1968 Society of Academic Surgeons

1972 Society of University Surgeons

1973 Society for Vascular Surgery

1973 International Cardiovascular Society

1974 American Association for Thoracic Surgery

1974 American College of Surgeons

1975 Pacific Coast Surgical Association (R)

1975 Bay Surgical Society (R)

1977 American Surgical Association

1979 Society of Thoracic Surgeons

1980 Honorary Fellow, American College of Chest Physicians

1983 Honorary Member, The Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia

American Heart Association


HONORS AND AWARDS:

1955 - 1957 Ohio State University Scholarship Award

1957 - 1961 Frank S. Monnet Scholarship Award

1957 - 1961 Joseph Flower Scholarship Award

Phi Chi Medical Fraternity

Alpha Omega Alpha

1959 E.B. Ferris Award

1961 S.F. Hoffheimer Award

Robert B. Monnet Scholarship Fund Award

Eben J. Carey Memorial

1969 - 1971 NIH Special Research Fellowship

1977 John Keith Memorial Lecturer, Canadian Cardiovascular 1980 Honorary Fellow

American College of Chest Physicians

1983 Honorary Member

The Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia

1988 Henry Swan Visiting Professor

University of Colorado

Denver, Colorado

1989 10th Annual Morris Parker Visiting Professor

Michael Reese Hospital & Medical Center

Chicago, Illinois


PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES/COMMITTEES:

CMRI Mortality Audit Committee

UCLA Medical Center

Los Angeles, California

External Advisory Committee

University of Alabama

Birmingham, Alabama

Student Scholarship Committee

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

Acute Care Committee

UCLA Medical Center

Los Angeles, California

Respiratory Therapy Subcommittee

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

Medical Student Thesis Program Committee

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California


GRANTS:

NIH Grant HL 16292

"Surgical Reperfusion of the Ischemic Myocardium"

Status: Principal Investigator

Dates: 1975-present

American Heart Association Grant

"Determinants of Ventricular O2 Demand and Performance"

Principal Investigator: Gerald D. Buckberg, M.D.

Application: Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Ph.D.

$1,000.00

Effective Dates: 7/1/80 through 6/30/81

American Heart Association Research Award #509

The Effects of Hypothermia on the Distribution and Adequacy of Coronary Blood Flow

Principal Investigator: Gerald D. Buckberg, M.D.

$16,060.00

Effective Dates: 9/1/74 - 8/31/75

American Heart Association Fellowship Grant No. 932 F1-1

"Surgical Reperfusion of Ischemic Myocardium"

Sponsor: Gerald D. Buckberg, M.D.

Fellow: Georg Matheis, M.D.

Effective Dates: 7/1/90 - 6/30/91

$18,500

American Heart Association Research Award # 533

"The Effects of Hypothermia on the Distribution and Adequacy of Coronary Blood Flow"

Sponsor: Gerald D. Buckberg, M.D.

Fellow: David Follette, M.D.

$ 13,100.00

Effective Dates: 7/1/76 - 6/30/77


EDITORIAL CONSULTANT:

The Journal of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery

Circulation

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery


EDITORIAL ADVISOR:

Advisory Editorial Board of the Journal of Thoracic &

Cardiovascular Surgery

The Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia


RECENT LECTURES AND PRESENTATIONS

1995

January 30-February 1, 1995 Invited Speaker, "Meet the Experts" Session

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Palm Springs, CA

February 11, 1995 Invited Speaker: "Myocardial Salvage: Cardiac Surgery"

The 1st Annual Cardiology Symposium for the Primary Care Practitioner

on Interventional Cardiology and Heart Disease in the 90s.

St. Mary's Desert Vally Hospital

Apple Valley, CA

February 23-26, 1995 Invited Speaker

"Revascularization for Acute Myocardial Infarction: Medical or Surgical"

15th Annual San Diego Cardiothoracic Surgery Symposium: Pathophysiology & Techniques of Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Cardiothoracic Research & Education Foundation

San Diego, CA

March 7-12, 1995 National Heart Institute

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ACE/UCLA Visit

March 12-19, 1995 Invited Speaker

Cardiology Update V, Indonesian Heart Association

Jakarta, Indonesia

March 19-22, 1995 Invited Co-Chairman: Symposia 613, Myocardial Protection/Perfusion

Invited Participant/Speaker: "Metabolic Enhancement of Perfusates" Symposia 613, Myocardial Protection/Perfusion

Invited Speaker: "The Role of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in Acute Myocardial Infarction"

Symposia 616, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting;

44th Annual Scientific Session; American College of Cardiology

New Orleans, LA

March 27-29, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor and Invited Guest Speaker: "Myocardial Preservation"

Philadelphia Academy of Cardiology

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

March 30 -April 1, 1995 Invited Speaker "Myocardial preservation during heart valve surgery"

Left Ventricular Function in Valvular Heart Disease

Royal Society of Medicine

London, UK

April 4-5, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor and Invited Guest Speaker: "Recent Advances in Myocardial Protection"

Mayo Clinic

Rochester, MN

April 6-9, 1995 Invited Participant: "A Review of Myocardial Protection Techniques in Adults"

5th Annual Cardiac Surgery Fellows Symposium, "Current Techniques

and Future Directions"

Minneapolis, MN

April 20-22, 1995 Invited Speaker: "Cardioplegia - Warm or Cold?"

"Exploring the Mitral Valve: A Perspective for the 90's"

The Buffalo General Hospital & The State University of New York at Buffalo

Buffalo, New York

April 23-26, 1995 AATS

Boston, MA

May 29-June 1, 1995 Invited Speaker: Integrated Myocardial Protection with Blood Cardioplegia

"Heart Surgery 1995, 6th International Symposium on Cardiac Surgery

Ospedale San Camillo

Rome, Italy

Capri/Naples

June 7, 1995 Invited Speaker

Sixth European Congress on Extra-Corporeal Circulation Technology

Pre-Congress Workshop "New Directions on Blood Cardioplegia (June 7)

Genval, Belgium

June 8-10, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor

Polyclinique St Roch

Montepellier, FRANCE

June 11-13, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor

Muller Hospital

Mulhouse, France

June 13-14, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor

Pontchaillou Hospital

Rennes, France

June 18-21, 1995 Invited Speaker: "Myocardial Preservation Technique"

June 20, 1995

Rocky Mountain Valve Symposium '95

St. Patrick Hospital

Missoula, MT

July 29 - August 5, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor

Hospital Angelina Caron

Curitiba, Brazil

August 18, 1995 Invited Speaker

"New Concepts in Myocardial Protection - Integrated Myocardial Management"

National Norwegian Hospital

Oslo, Norway

August 22, 1995 Invited Participant

Scandinavian Association for Thoracic Surgery

Teleconference

Linkoping, Sweden

August 23-25, 1995 Honored Guest Speaker

Scandinavian Thoracic Surgical Meeting

Orebro, Sweden

August 25-28, 1995 Invited Guest Speaker

The National University Hospital

Copenhagen, Denmark

Sept. 29-30, 1995 Honored Guest

Symposium

Freiburg, Germany

October 13, 1995 Invited Guest Speaker

Annual Cardiac Surgery Symposium

Maine Medical Center

Portland, Maine

Nov. 8-10, 1995 Invited Visiting Professor and Guest Lecturer

First Annual Distinguished Surgical Scientist Lecture

Kaiser Permanente Hospital (Oakland)

Oakland, CA

Nov. 15-17, 1995 Invited Speaker: Myocardial Protection

12th Biennial Asian Congress on Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery

Tokyo, Japan

December 1-3, 1995 Invited Speaker

Panhellenic Congress of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery

Athens, Greece

December 4-5, 1995 Invited Speaker: "Myocardial Protection"

XXIII International Meeting on Cardiovascular Update

XVII Meeting of the Society of Cardiac Surgeons

Madrid, Spain

1996

January 29-31, 1996 Invited Scientific Session Moderator: Forum I: Myocardial Protection The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Orlando, Florida

February 13, 1996 Invited Participant: Clinical Advisory Meeting

Ribi ImmunoChem Research, Inc.

Los Angeles, CA

February 22-24, 1996 Invited Speaker

Cardiac Dysfunction and Heart Failure Symposium

Clinica Cardiovascular Santa Maria

Medellin, Colombia

Feb 29- March 3, 1996 Invited Participant

16th Annual San Diego Cardiothoracic Surgery Symposium

Pathophysiology and Techniques of Cardiopulmonary Bypass

San Diego, CA

March 14, 1996 Invited Visiting Professor

Surgical Grand Rounds, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center

College of Physicians & Surgeons of Columbia University

New York, NY

April 16-19, 1996 Invited Visiting Professor

Carraway Methodist Hospital

Birmingham, AL

April 26-27, 1996 Cardiac Surgical Biology Club

San Diego, CA

April 28-May 1, 1996 AATS

San Diego, CA

May 1-6 Invited Visiting Professor

International Center for Cardiothoracic Surgery

Buffalo General Hospital

Buffalo, NY

May 9-12, 1996 Invited Visiting Professor

Stockton, CA

October 3-4, 1996 Invited Speaker

Bristol Heart Institute

Recent Developments in Cardiac Surgery

Bristol, Great Britain

October 8, 1996 Invited Speaker

American College of Surgeons

Postgraduate Course for Cardiac Surgery

San Francisco, CA

October 20-25, 1996 Invited Speaker

9th Annual Meeting of the Mediterranean Association of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery

Tel Aviv, Israel

November 6-9, 1996 Invited Speaker: "Current Status of Myocardial Protection for High Risk Coronary Revascularization"

American College of Chest Physicians

IXth Annual Symposium: "Cardiothoracic Surgery: Current Issues"

St. Thomas, VI

1997

June 1997 Invited Speaker

International Meeting

Jerusalem, Israel


RECENT BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. Buckberg GD: Studies of hypoxemia/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping: I. Linkage between cardiac function and oxidant damage. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1164-1170
  2. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Matheis G, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping. II. Evidence for reoxygenation damage. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1171-1181
  3. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping. III. The magnitude of damage by hypoxia/reoxygenation vs. ischemia/reperfusion: A comparison. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110-1182-1189
  4. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping. IV. Role of classic iron related pathway of deferoxamine. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1190-1199
  5. Morita K, Matheis G, Buckberg GD, Ihnken K, Sherman MP, Young HH, Ignarro LJJr: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping. V. Role of L-arginine-nitric oxide pathway: the NO paradox. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1200-1211
  6. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping. VI. Counteraction of oxidant damage by exogenous antioxidants: MPG and catalase. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1212-1220
  7. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Matheis G, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping. VII. Counteraction of oxidant damage by exogenous antioxidants: CoQ10. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1221-1227
  8. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Matheis G, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping: VIII. Counteraction of oxidant damage by exogenous antioxidants: glutamate and aspartate. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1228-1234
  9. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury without aortic clamping: IX. Importance of avoiding perioperative hyperoxia in the setting of previous cyanosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1235-1244
  10. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Matheis G, Sherman MP, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury with aortic clamping. X. Exogenous antioxidants to avoid nullification of cardioprotective effects of blood cardioplegia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1245-1254
  11. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury with aortic clamping: XI. Cardiac advantages of normoxemia vs. hyperoxemic management during cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1255-1264
  12. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury with aortic clamping. XII. Delay of cardiac reoxygenation damage in the presence of cyanosis: A new concept of controlled cardiac reoxygenation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1265-1273
  13. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Sherman MP, Ignarro LJ, Young HH: Studies of hypoxemic/reoxygenation injury with aortic clamping. XIII. Effects of blood cardioplegia composition on nitric oxide production and oxidant damage. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1995:110:1274-1286. to be published
  14. Buckberg GD: A perspective on normothermic blood cardioplegia: alternative or adjunct? In: Salerno TA, ed. Warm Heart Surgery. London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd, 1995:
  15. Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Allen BS, Robertson JM: Integrated myocardial management. Background and initial application. J Card Surg 1995:10:68-89 (Collective Review Article)
  16. Beyersdorf F, Buckberg GD: Myocardial protection with blood cardioplegia during valve operations. J Heart Valve Dis 1994:3:388-403
  17. Buckberg GD: Cardioplegia: The evolution of myocardial protection during cardiovascular surgery. Advances in Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesiology 1994:1:1-3 (Interview)
  18. Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Kato NS: An overview on myocardial protection and technical considerations for antegrade/retrograde blood cardioplegia. In: Trehan N, Kumar A, eds. New Developments in Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery. New Delhi: Thomson Press, 199 :171-196
  19. Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Allen BS, Robertson JM: Recent advances in myocardial protection. J Cardiac Anestesia and Cardiopulmonary Bypass (Submitted 1994)
  20. Buckberg GD: Update on current techniques of myocardial protection. Presented at the International Workshop on Arterial Conduits for Myocardial Revascularization, November 16-18, 1994, Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy (proceedings to be printed)
  21. Buckberg GD: Update on current techniques of myocardial protection. Ann Thorac Surg (Supplement) (in press) Presented at the International Symposium on Myocardial Protection from Surgical Ischemic-Reperfusion Injury, September 25-28, 1994, Asheville, North Carolina.
  22. Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Allen BS: Integrated myocardial management in valvular heart disease. J Heart Valve Dis 1995:4;S198-S213(Presented at the European Society of Cardiology and Royal Society of Medicine - Working Group "Left Ventricular Function in Valvular Heart Disease", March 30 - April 1, 1995, London, England )
  23. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Aharon A, Laks H, Beyersdorf F, and Salerno TA: Simultaneous arterial and coronary sinus cardioplegic perfusion: an experimental and clinical study. Thorac Cardiovasc Surgeon 1994:42:141-147
  24. Kato NS, Buckberg GD, Cushen CK, and Whitwam CR: Inaccuracies and variability of indirect pressure measurements during cardioplegia administration. Ann Thorac Surg 58:1188-1191, 1994.
  25. Buckberg GD and Salerno TA: Simultaneous antegrade/retrograde cardioplegia: experimental/clinical study of a new cardioprotective technique. In: Salerno TA, ed. Warm Heart Surgery. London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd, 1995:
  26. Buckberg GD: Integrated Myocardial Protection with Blood Cardioplegia. Presented at Heart Surgery 1995, 6th International Symposium on Cardiac Surgery, May 29 - June 1, 1995, Rome, Italy (in press)
  27. Buckberg GD: General Considerations: Myocardial Protection In: Kaiser LR, Kron IL, Spray TL, eds. Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1995: In press
  28. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD, Sherman MP, Ignarro LJ: Pulmonary vasoconstriction due to impaired nitric oxide production after cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Thorac Surg (in press)
  29. Buckberg GD, Corno AE, Beyersdorf F, Allen BS, Robertson JM: Myocardial protection: Overview and Recent Advances. Anestesia Cardiothoracica & Circolazione Extracorporea 1995;2:2-15
  30. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Ignarro LJ, Beyersdorf F: Reduction of reoxygenation injury and nitric oxide production in the cyanotic immature heart by controlling pO2. Eur J Cardio-thorac Surg 1995:9:410-418
  31. Baretti R, Mizuno A, Buckberg GD, and Young HH: High versus low hematocrit of cold normokalemic blood for continuous antegrade coronary perfusion after blood cardioplegic arrest. unpublished
  32. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, and Young HH: Limitations of warm continuous retrograde cardioplegia on right ventricular recovery. unpublished
  33. Mizuno A, Baretti R, Buckberg GD, Young HH: Biochemically modified warm blood cardioplegia resuscitated the ischemically damaged heart. unpublished
  34. Mizuno A, Baretti R, Buckberg GD, Young HH: Advantages of intermittent cold vs. warm blood cardioplegia in jeopardized myocardium. unpublished
  35. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Young HH: Incomplete right ventricular recovery in metabolic and functional limitations of warm continuous retrograde cardioplegia. unpublished
  36. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Mizuno T, Baretti R, and Young HH: Problems with retrograde normothermic perfusion of the beating empty heart. unpublished
  37. Beyersdorf F, Mitrev Z, Ihnken K, Schmiedt W, Sarai K, Eckel L, Friesewinkel, O, Matheis G, Buckberg GD: Controlled limb reperfusion in patients having cardiac operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996;111:1-9
  38. Buckberg GD: Hazards of administering blood cardioplegic solution directly into the heart: Cardioplegic solutions are not equal. (Letters to the Editor). J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1996;111:283-284
  39. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Winkelmann B, Young H, Beyersdorf: Deferoxamine avoids reoxygenation injury in immature cyanotic hearts. Circulation 1995; 92 (Suppl.): I-52 (Abstract)
  40. Morita K, Ihnken K, Buckberg GD: Role of iron-catalyzed oxidants in surgical reoxygenation injury of hypoxemic immature hearts placed on cardiopulmonary bypass. Circulation 1995; 92 (Suppl.): I-513 (Abstract)
  41. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Young H, Ignarro L: Impaired nitric oxide (NO) causes post-bypass pulmonary hypertension in cyanotic immature hearts. The Journal of Heart Failure 2:419, 1995 (Abstract)
  42. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Young H, Sherman M: Prevention of reoxygenation injury in cyanotic immature hearts with coenzyme Q10. The Journal of Heart Failure 2:691, 1995. (Abstract)
  43. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Matheis, G, Beyersdorf F, Sherman MP, Ignarro L: Reduction of nitric oxide induced reoxygenation injury in the cyanotic immature heart by controlling oxygen content. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 25:201, 1995 (Abstract)
  44. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Matheis G, Beyersdorf F, Sherman MP: Prevention of reoxygenation injury in hypoxemic immature hearts by treatment with antioxidants. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 25:119, 1995
  45. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD Matheis G, Beyersdorf F, Sherman M, Young H: Verhinderung des Stickstoffmonoxyd (NO)- vermittelten Reoxygenierungsschadens im zyanotischen Kinderherz durch "Kontrollierte Reoxygenierung" Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon (Supplementum 1)43:95, 1995
  46. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Matheis G, Beyersdorf F, Sherman M, Young H: Normoxisches Management von kardiopulmonalen Bypass und Blutkardioplegie zur Verminderung von oxidativem Stress. Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon (Supplementum 1) 43:73, 1995 (Abstract)
  47. Matheis G, Buckberg GD, Ihnken K, Sherman MP, Young HH, Beyersdorf F: Reoxygenierungsschaden durch exrakorporale Zirkulation beim hypoxämischen neugeborenen: Prophylaxe durch intravenöses Substrat und freie Radikalfänger. Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon (Supplementum 1) 43:71, 1995 (Abstract)
  48. Ihnken K, Morita K, buckberg GD, Winkelmann B, Young HH, Beyersdorf: Controlling oxygen content during cardiopulmonary bypass to limit reperfusion/reoxygenation injury. Transplantation Proceedings 1995; 27 (5): 2809-2811
  49. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Beyersdorf F, Winkelmann B, Young HH: Reduction of myocardial oxidative stress of hypoxic hearts on cardiopulmonary bypass by reduction of pO2. European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery (in press).
  50. Ihnken K, Morita K, Buckberg GD, Winkelmann B, Schmitt M, Ignarro LJ, Beyersdorf F: Nitric oxide induced reoxygenation injury in the cyanotic immature heart is prevented by controlling oxygen content during initial reoxygenation. Vascular Surgery (in press).
  51. Buckberg GD: General Considerations, Myocardial Protection in Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery. LM Nyhus, RJ Baker, JE Fischer (eds). Little, Brown and Company, Boston. pp, 1996